Foundations of our Faith – Sanctification
Presented by Marvin Griffin

SANCTIFICATION – a study to be enjoyed by saints!
“For this is the will of God, your sanctification” 1Thess.4:3

Sanctification as a word is not found in the Old Testament. However ‘sanctified’ is, and according to Strongs Concordance, the Hebrew word ‘qadash’ means ‘to be clean, to make clean, to pronounce clean, to observe as clean’. If something or someone is to be consecrated to God, there must be the purification thereof.

The Concise Bible Dictionary definition of ‘qadesh’ is: “ to set apart to sacred purposes, consecrate”.

These two sources give a well-rounded sense of what it means to be sanctified.

Of interest is the timing of this study as our assembly families are self-isolating, both to keep clean and to be observed by the world as being clean in consideration of our testimony.

NOTE: once a person or a thing is sanctified, obedience to God’s Word is required.

  • Days are sanctified. God sanctified the seventh day in which He rested.  Gen. 2:3

It was afterwards to be kept holy by the Israelites. Exodus 20:8

  • Persons are sanctified. Moses was to sanctify the Israelites and have them wash their clothes. Ex.19:10

The first-born of man and beast were to be sanctified to God. He said, “They are mine”. Ex.13:2

The priests and Levites were sanctified to the service of God.  Ex.30:30

  • Places and vessels of Divine service  are sanctified.  Ex.30:29

The priests, Levites, and people were often called to sanctify themselves, to be ceremonially fit to approach God.  Lev.20:7,  Num.11:18 etc. God declared, “I will be sanctified in them that come near Me”. In Lev.10:1-3,  Moses reminded Aaron upon the death of his sons Nadab and Abihu when they offered strange fire to the Lord. “By those who come near me I must be regarded as holy; and before all the people I must be glorified.”  “So Aaron held his peace”.

God must be approached with reverence and in separation from what is unsuited to Him. Another requirement is that He will get the glory and not men.

In the New Testament, sanctification( the noun) is from the Greek word ‘hagiasmos’ which is also translated as holiness in our Bibles. It is used of:

(a)  separation to God  1Cor.1:2,30,31.  2Thess.2:13,

1Pet.1:2. I urge you to look up these references for a much greater blessing. This sanctification is positional and what God does upon salvation by faith and is to be enjoyed by all saints! On that note, it is a source of wonder and joy to me that God has made us saints and called us saints!

(b)  the life-choices befitting those so separated

1Thess.4:3-7, 1Tim.2:15, Heb.12:14, Rom.6:19-22.  This sanctification is conditional and what we do out of appreciation for Christ and obedience to the Word of God. This should be applied by all saints.

Here is William MacDonald’s SANCTIFICATION line-up:

“There are four phases of sanctification in the NT —pre-conversion, positional, practical or progressive, and perfect.

  1. Even before a person is saved, he is set apart in a position of external privilege. Thus we read in 1 Corinthians 7:14 that an unbelieving husband is sanctified by his believing wife.  This is pre-conversion sanctification.
  2. Whenever a person is born again, he is positionally sanctified by virtue of his union with Christ. This means that he is set apart to God from the world.  It is referred to in such passages as  Acts 26:18; 1Corinthians 1:2; 6:11; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; Hebrews 10:10,14
  3. But then there is progressive sanctification. This is a present setting apart of the believer to God from the world, sin, and self. It is the process by which he becomes more Christlike. This is the sanctification which Paul prays for the Thessalonians here. It is also found in 1Thessalonians 4:3&4; 2Timothy 2:21.  It is brought about by the Holy Spirit when we are obedient to the word of God (John 17:17; 2Cor.3:18) .  Such practical sanctification is a process that should continue as long as the believer is on earth.  He will never achieve perfection or sinlessness on earth, but he should ever be pressing toward that goal.
  4. Perfect sanctification refers to the believer’s final condition in heaven. When he goes to be with the Lord, he will be morally like the Lord, completely and final set apart from sin (1Jn.3:1-3)”


There is also the obligation to sanctify oneself from vessels of dishonor in ‘the great house’ of profession in order that a man or woman may be “a vessel for honor, sanctified and useful for the Master, prepared for every good work.” 2Tim.21.

Also,  food “is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.” Hence “every  creature of God is good, and nothing is to be refused if it is received with thanksgiving.” 1Tim.4:4.

The word of God is absolutely essential for our progressive sanctification.  In John 17:17 Jesus said “Sanctify them by your truth.  Your word is truth”.  It is God’s truth that causes us to think different and act different from the world.  Thus reading and obeying it we are set apart from harm  and contamination and, positively,  are useful to God.

In John 17:19 Jesus states, “For their sakes I sanctify myself.”  He set Himself apart.

The Lord Jesus set Himself apart from the positional glories of heaven that we might be made saints.  Once here on earth,” He made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men.  And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross.” Phil 2:7&8.

While He was doing the work of His Father here on earth, He set Himself apart from rights that belonged to Him as man. Some suggestions are: His right to choose His own pathway, His right to have a wife, & His right to legal justice. “Christ also loved the church and gave Himself for her,  that He might sanctify and cleanse her with the washing of water by the word, that He might present her to Himself a glorious church, not having a spot or a wrinkle or any such thing’ but that she should be holy and without blemish”. Eph.5:25-27.

I hope this partial study on sanctification and especially the example of Christ will give us the motivation to sanctify ourselves.  “For this is the will of God, your sanctification” 1Thess 4:3

[ This sanctification must be learned from God by His word and it must be pursued by the believer earnestly.  For this holy character is not vicarious.  It cannot be transferred or imputed, it is an individual possession, built up, little by little, as the result of obedience to the word of God, and following the example of Christ in the power of the Holy Spirit.  —VINE’S ]

1 Thessalonians 5:23: “ Now may the God of peace Himself sanctify you completely; and may your whole spirit, soul, and body be preserved blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.”

Click here for PDF version: SANCTIFICATION

The gods of men are falling

The gods of men are falling

Written by Rhoda Griffin on March 21, 2020 in response
to the Global COVID-19 Crisis


The gods of men are falling

They’re crashing to the ground

And with the endless tumbling

Men’s lives and dreams are drowned


The gods of men are falling

The house is coming down

We stagger with the pressure

And silence is our sound


The gods of men are falling

The god of health goes first

We’ve worshipped at this altar

Where many find their worth


One touch of blackened illness

Has brought us to our knees

No one is exempted

Indiscriminate disease


The gods of men are falling

The god of sports is gone

Entertainment’s vanished

Pop culture’s lost its song


Hollywood is emptied out

Each resident has fled

The god of movies cannot save

We plead to God instead


The gods of men are falling

The god of leisure’s next

Cruising ships sit vacant

The travel world is vexed


Planes sit grounded from the air

Dream holidays are dashed

We cry over our losses

It happened all so fast


The gods of men are falling

The god of wealth stripped whole

The stocks, they spiral downward

It’s way out of control


Our lover, wealth, abandons

He’s taken wings of flight

Grinding business to a halt

It’s happened overnight


The gods of men are falling

We worshipped them with heart

We gave our souls to their embrace

We served them all in part


We placed our hopes upon them

Entrusted them our soul

We set them up as idols

We followers untold




These gods of men are falling

Empty at their core

Within a day they make their grave

Destroy us by the score


We looked to them for mercy

The love our hearts longed for

But they could never save us

False idols, as they are


And now we see the fallout

Of trusting emptiness

These gods would never save us

They’re lacking every strength


The gods of men are falling

They fall before I AM

The only true, eternal God

Who was, is, and to come


They bow before His greatness

Who makes the sun to rise

The One who made the earth and seas

The One who rules the skies


They bow the knee before Him

On their faces fall before

The One who with a Word commands

The One who rules it all


The gods of men are falling

We’ve peeled their layers back

Seen them for what they really are

And all the power they lack


The true God, He is standing

Where the gods of men fall flat

He has been our Saviour

And He is coming back


When all has crashed around us

The house of cards is gone

God will still be for us

God and God alone


This world is just a passage

A temporary home

One day we’ll live in heaven

And worship at God’s throne


No sin disease may enter

No contaminant allowed

No, nothing that’s destructive

Will be part of that crowd


So take heart, dear believer

And when you look around

Don’t be fearful when you see

gods falling to the ground


They were never meant to save you

Or be worshipped or be served

By a child of God like you and me

As though heaven’s here on earth


You’re a child of the Mighty One

Who still sits on the throne

And while the world unravels

You won’t ever be alone


Our great and Sovereign God

Who never slumbers, never sleeps

He it is Who stands beside you

He it is Who your soul keeps


So let the gods take tumble

To reveal the Lord our God

Who is great in all His power

Who is Faithful to His Word


Who is loving, kind, compassionate

The Saviour of our soul

Who surpasses any idol

Who amounts to more than gold


Our everlasting Father

Prince of Peace, the Mighty God

Wonderful our Counsellor

Who is the Word of God


He will never, never crumble

He will never, never fall

Our past, present, and future

He is God over it all!


© Copyright 2020 by Rhoda Griffin.  Please do not copy or distribute this content without the express written permission of the copyright owner.

Moral Glories of Christ

Moral Glories of Christ
Presented by Jeremy Griffin

Moral features that were displayed by Christ and that reveal the perfection of His character. Perfections that marked every step of His earthly life and ministry. Every inward feeling and outward expression were in continual and absolute conformity to the character of God.


  • What is the goal of the Christian life?
    • Having a goal is important so that we understand what it is we are supposed to be after
    • If we are unclear or forget then we are not likely to achieve it or even, make progress
  • The apostle Paul sums it up nicely in Phil 3, essentially it is 1) know Christ and 2) be like Him
  • In opening I would like to comment on these two points to highlight the importance of participating in a study of topic like we have this evening

Know Him

  • When we love someone, it is natural that we want to know more about them
    • Usually there is some connection or bond that forms a relationship (spouse, child, friend)
    • Time, energy, attention all to learn deeper the real person – want to be around them
    • Either find something we don’t like and change course… or the affection grows
    • No matter how hot the love can burn…it is possible that affections can wane or be divided as time passes
    • Biggest competitor for time and attention in any relationship is the third-party selfishness
  • As born-again believers we have a unique bond and relationship with Jesus Christ
    • He loved us, pursued us, provided for us, continues to care and support us
    • All of us would confess outright that we love Him
  • But there is a bit of a litmus test that we can apply to measure our current level of affection
    • Do I desire to know Him?
      • On a deeper level, in a more meaningful way?
    • Do I make getting to know Him and spending time alone with Him a priority?
      • Proof is in the pudding
    • Would I say I know Him more now then I did 5 years ago?
  • Comments aren’t to cause feelings of guilt (never good in a relationship) but to motivate

Be Like Him

  • It is a well-known fact that the more time you spend with someone the more like them you will become
    • Negative – “bad company corrupts good character” 1Cor15:33
    • Positive – “pattern your lives after mine and learn from those who follow our example” Phil 3:17
  • The more we get to know Christ the more He grows inside us, changing from the inside out
    • Character, interests, affections all align
  • Being like Christ then is really the true test of my love for Him
    • Doesn’t rush us, He pursues us tirelessly looking for the response of our hearts to His love
  • Hopefully there will be something in this session that will cause your heart to worship and strengthen your desire to 1) Know Him and 2) Be like Him
  • Like Paul, have the goal of the Christian life front and center and push towards it
    • “I press toward the goal” Phil 3:14


What Does “Moral Glories” Mean/Refer to?

Break it Down

  • Moral: concerned with the principles of right and wrong behaviour and the goodness or badness of human character
  • Glories: a thing that is distinctive or beautiful, a special cause for respect or delight
  • Christ: the anointed One, Greek translation for the Hebrew word Messiah
    • Denotes being set apart for specific work in a certain role (prophet, priest, king)
    • The official title of our Lord


Put it all Together

  • Moral Glories of Christ
    • Moral features that were displayed by Christ and that reveal the perfection of His character
    • Perfections that marked every step of His earthly life and ministry
    • Every inward feeling and outward expression were in continual and absolute conformity to the character of God
  • The glories of Christ have been broken down into three main subgroups:
    • Eternal Glory – what was always His because of who He is “Son of God”
    • Acquired Glory – conferred upon Him for the work He completed at Calvary
    • Moral Glory – the displayed perfection of His character
  • Noted that often His other glories were veiled (hid)
    • His moral glories could not be hid and was on display for all to see
    • Evident in every situation He was in
    • Attached to Him in every circumstance and interaction
  • It is who He is at the core and it shone bright – continues to shine bright in scripture
    • Sinless, pure, true humanity


Ex #1 – Perfect Man

  • Ps 45:2 – You are fairer than the sons of men
  • Variance when comparing between earthly man and heavenly man is stark
  • Adam – Given position and privilege, but yet for personal pleasure he forfeited it all
  • Christ – Had/has position, but yet for the pleasure of His Father and benefit of others He sets it aside
  • The flaws, failings and fragility we are all familiar with in our own experiences He never experienced
  • Circumstances that are necessary to develop character in us only served to demonstrate perfection of character in Christ
  • Matt 4:1-10 details the attempts the devil made to tempt Jesus
    • Self Pleasure – make food miraculously à satisfy yourself
    • Self Exaltation – cast yourself down à spectacle for all to see
    • Self Glory – worship me (devil) à splendour of the kingdoms of the earth
  • Matt 4:11 – “the devil left Him”
  • John 14:30 – “the prince of this world is coming and has nothing in Me”
  • Absolutely flawless character and fortitude


Ex #2 – Poor Man

  • 2Cor8:9 – For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though He was rich, yet for your sakes He became poor
    • Manger in Bethlehem
    • Carpenter shop in Nazareth
    • Penniless in the Temple
    • Forest floor on Olivet
    • Borrowed tomb near Golgotha
  • Yet never one word of complaint or posturing for something self serving
  • Not reliant on the trappings of society He borrowed no glory from earth
  • Loveliness of pathway was all His own


Ex #3 – Humble Man

  • Jn 7:3 – “that your disciples may see your works” (in Judea at the feast of tabernacles)
  • Jn 7:4 “if you do these things, show them to the world”
  • Goes up secretly – in a private humble fashion
  • Begins to serve and teach among the people – not performing miracles as his brethren suggested
  • When they marvel at teaching, He indicates that the doctrine is not His own but Him that sent Him
  • Jn 7:18 – “He who speaks from himself seeks his own glory; but He who seeks the glory of the One who sent Him is true, and no unrighteousness is in Him.”
  • In the world but not of the world


Ex #4 – Gracious Man

  • King – Ps 45:2 – “grace is poured into your lips”
  • Teacher – Lk 4:22- “marvelled at the gracious words that proceeded out of his mouth”
  • Accused – Matt 27:14 – “but He answered him not one word so that the governor marvelled greatly”
  • Condemned – 1Peter 2:23 – Who did no sin, neither was there any guile found in His mouth: Who, when He was reviled did not revile in return; when He suffered, He did not threaten, but committed Himself to Him who judges righteously
  • Words spoken or restrained display His moral worth



Why Does this Topic Matter?

Jesus Means the World to His Father

  • Means everything to Him and yet to save the world it cost Him the death of His Son
  • Mark 12:6 – Having yet therefore one son, his well beloved, he sent him also last unto them, saying, “they will reverence my son”.


Jesus Lived a Fragrant Life Before His God

  • Like Frankincense upon the altar, it was all for God (only the Father can truly appreciate it)
  • Ever under His watchful eye the Lord Jesus brought continual pleasure to His Father
  • Mark 1:11 – Then a voice came from heaven, “You are My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased”


Jesus Proved He was the Spotless Sacrifice to all Heaven and Earth

  • Ex 12:5 – Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year
  • 2Cor 5:21 – made Him to be sin for us who knew no sin


How Does it Apply to Me?

Knowing Him

  • Means more than just knowing about Him
  • It is the cultivation of a deep relationship where in a safe place we open ourselves to His love and be confronted, cleansed and conformed
  • Cultivation – like a garden carefully tended to with attention and interest
  • Confrontation – relationships require openness and frankness to deal with issues (sin)
  • Cleansing – once open then cleansing can happen and subsequent healing
  • Conforming – changing, uniting, stronger
    • Isn’t this a sweet place to be…beautiful harmony?
  • Knowing Him requires interest and energy on our part to seek Him out in the scriptures
    • This is where God reveals Him to us
    • Song of Songs 3:2 “I will search for the one I love”


Worshipping Him

  • Is a response to His love and worth
  • Humility – higher view of him and lower estimation of self
  • Reverence – wonder and awe at the awesome majesty and greatness of God
  • Service – kingdom of priests


Being Like Him

  • Power of His Resurrection > Temptations
    • Victory and power over sin through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit
  • Fellowship of His Sufferings > Trials
    • Suffering is the test of obedience
    • Learning to commit ourselves to Him and sovereign will yields a close intimacy otherwise unknown
  • Conformed to His Death > Transitions
    • Dying to self so as to walk in power of new life
  • 2 Cor 3:18 But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.
    • The more we are occupied with Him the more conformed to His likeness we become


Click here for PDF version of notes: Moral Glories of Christ

Click here for PowerPoint Presentation: Foundations of Our Faith – Moral Glories of Christ

Impeccability of Christ

The Impeccability of Christ
Presented by Lucas Griffin
Highway Gospel Hall
January 15, 2020


What Does Impeccability Mean?

  • ORIGIN – First recorded in 1525–35, impeccable is from Latin word impeccābilis
  • Not capable of sinning; not liableto sin OR free from fault or blame
  • Faultless; flawless; perfect; irreproachable; sinless; blameless; perfect
  • Impeccability is the absence of sin. This is an attribute of God and (and therefore, Christ)
  • “We are living in a world of sin, and the fearful havoc it has wrought is evident on every side. How refreshing, then, to fix our gaze upon One who is immaculately holy, and who passed through this scene unspoilt by its evil. Such was the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God incarnate. For thirty-three years He was in immediate contact with sin, yet He was never, to the slightest degree, contaminated.” (A.W.Pink 1932)


Arguments for the Impeccability of Christ

  • Christ was sinless, but also incapable of sinning. Christ was not only able to overcome temptation, but He was unable to be overcome by it. Being Master of all things, it was impossible that anything, including sin, could master Him.
  • The Immutability (unchanging character) of Christ:‘Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and today, and forever’ (Heb. 13:8). Because He was not susceptible to any change, it was impossible for the incarnate Son of God to sin.
  • The Omnipotence of Christ.The Lord Jesus is omnipotent (all powerful), therefore He has all power over all sin.
  • Christ’s Divine Character. In Him are united the Divine and the human natures. The Divine nature cannot allow Him to sin.
  • Christ Must be Impeccable in order to be our Saviour. He must be perfect and he must have power to overcome all temptation in order to pay our redemption price, forever.


What Does the Bible Say About the Impeccability of Christ?

  • Peter, The Man of Action: 1 Peter 2:22, 24 – Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth… who Himself bore our sins in His own body on the tree, that we, having died to sins, might live for righteousness—by whose stripes you were healed.
  • John, A Close Follower of Jesus: 1 John 3:5 – And you know that He was manifested to take away our sins, and in Him there is no sin.
  • Paul, The Intellectual: 2 Corinthians 5:21 – For He made Him who knew no sinto be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.
  • Hebrews – He was ‘without sin’ (Heb. 4:15). He was ‘holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners’ (Heb. 7:26).
  • Because He is without sin (impeccable), Jesus Christ can heal us from sin, take away our sins, and make us righteous!


How Did Jesus Prove that He was Impeccable?

  • There are several ways that sin can attract us and trap us.
    • 1 John 2:16 – For all that is in the world – the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life – is not of the Father but is of the world.
      • This verse outlines the three different ways that sin can work
      • Jesus overcame and conquered each temptation
    • Matthew 4:1-11 The Temptation in the Wilderness
      • The Lust of the Flesh – Matthew 4:3-4 Now when the tempter came to Him, he said, “If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.”
        • But He answered and said, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.’ “
      • The Lust of the Eyes – Matthew 4:8-10 – The devil took Him up on an exceedingly high mountain, and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory. And he said to Him, “All these things I will give You if You will fall down and worship me.”
        • Then Jesus said to him, “Away with you, Satan! For it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and Him only you shall serve.’”
      • The Pride of Life – Matthew 4:5-7 – Then the devil took Him up into the holy city, set Him on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down. For it is written: ‘He shall give His angels charge over you,’and, ‘In their hands they shall bear you up, Lest you dash your foot against a stone.’ ”
        • Jesus said to him, “It is written again, ‘You shall not tempt the Lord your God.’
      • God allowed Jesus to experience these temptations to PROVE His Impeccability!


Jesus Christ was the Perfect Servant!

  • Isaiah 42:1-4 – “Behold! My Servant whom I uphold, My Elect One in whom My soul delights! I have put My Spirit upon Him; He will bring forth justice to the Gentiles…
    • These verses are quoted in Matthew 12:18-21 with reference to Christ
    • This chosen servant reveals a character of gentleness, encouragement, justice, truth
  • Mark 10:45 – For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.”
  • Luke 22:42 – “Father, if it is Your will, take this cup away from Me; nevertheless not My will, but Yours, be done.


What Was God’s Assessment of His Son?

  • After 30 years of His private life – Matthew 3:17 – And suddenly a voice camefrom heaven, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
  • Partway through His public ministry: Matthew 17:5 – While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!”
  • Near the end of His public ministry: John 12:28 – Father, glorify Your name.” Then a voice came from heaven, saying, “I have both glorified it and will glorify it again.”
  • After His death: 1 Peter 1:21 – who through Him believe in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.


Why Does This Matter?

  • Because Christ is impeccable (sinless), His sacrificial death has put away sin forever
    • Many of the verses regarding the Impeccable Christ also point out that BECAUSE He was sinless, He was able to die for our sin
    • See 1 Peter 2:22,24 and 1 John 3:5 and 2 Corinthians 5:21 above
  • Some people say that He COULD have sinned
    • He could not sin. The very nature of sin is that it will always result in sins committed.
    • Our eternal security depends on His perfection. If He could have sinned in the past, there is the possibility that He could sin in the future. One sin would undo it all.


How Does this Apply to Me?

  • Let’s worship Christ for His impeccable character
    • We all struggle with sin on a daily basis. Praise God that our Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ NEVER struggled with sin and NEVER will!
    • “In 2 Corinthians 3:18 how does the Spirit make us like Christ? We see, and adore, and become like what we love. So beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, we are transformed into the same image from glory to glory, incrementally, bit by bit we become more like Christ because we adore Him, we marvel at Him. Marveling at Jesus, ought to be for Christian people a preoccupation” (
  • We should follow Christ’s impeccable example and seek to be blameless and holy
    • Phillippians 2:15 – that you may become blameless and harmless, children of God without fault in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation…
    • 1 Peter 1:15-16 – But as He who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, because it is written, “Be holy, for I am holy.”
  • If we do sin (and we will), let’s lay hold of our impeccable Advocate
    • 1 John 2:1 – And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.
    • Our Advocate is impeccable. He is righteous. He is sinless. He is interceding for us.

Atonement & Propitiation

Atonement & Propitiation
Presented by Jeremy Griffin
December 11, 2019



  • The word “Atonement” is an OT word and an OT truth
  • A similar word in the NT is the word Propitiation – but propitiation conveys deeper truth
  • The truth that is consistent between both words and runs through the entire bible from start to finish is that God wants to have a relationship with individual humans
  • His work and plan for the ages all focuses around this desire of His heart
  • The success of it all is wrapped up in the Person of His Son Jesus Christ and His work at Calvary
  • Our study tonight will take a look at the teaching of both words and the resulting impact on our lives


What Does the Word “Atonement” Mean?

  • Hebrew – kafar: cover over
    • First Mention (Gen 6:14) Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch
      • Emphasis on the covering aspect
  • Second Mention (Gen 32:20) For he said, I will appease him with the present that goes before me, and afterward I will see his face; peradventure he will accept me
    • Emphasis is on the change that the present would produce in Esau’s mind toward his brother Jacob not on the present itself
  • Mosaic Law – the atonement is not the sacrifice itself but a result of a sacrifice (death accomplished)
    • Emphasis is on the blood of the sacrifice being brought inside the veil
  • Summary – the covering over of sins or hiding from sight for a time


What Does the Word “Propitiation” Mean?

  • Greek – hilaskomai: complete blotting out or removal of sin by an acceptable sacrifice
    • Propitiation is the result of what Christ accomplished in His once for all sacrifice at Calvary
    • The result of propitiation is the satisfaction of God so that His holy wrath and righteous anger against sins may be stayed
  • Rom 3:25 – God declares His righteousness to forgive sin based on sacrifice of Christ
  • 1John 2:2 – God declares His desire for fellowship and the value of the sacrifice of Christ
  • 1Jon 4:10 – God declares His love by sending His Son to be the sacrifice that satisfies justice
  • Summary – giving to God the full satisfaction of sin forever
Contrast Table
Atonement Propitiation
Covering over of sin for a time God has full satisfaction for sin forever
Blood carried into the Sanctuary Individual fully cleansed from all trace of sin/guilt
Brief period of rest Believing soul has Eternal rest
Sin remembered at least every year Sin remembered no more
Sin removed for a time but nature unchanged Individual changed from inside out


Why Does this Topic Matter?

  • Because God is offended by sin and man is under the wrath and judgement of God because of his sin
    • A removal of sin is required for a person to be brought into a right relationship with God
  • Because God has set forth (made evident/put on display) Christ to be a propitiation (or mercy seat)
    • He is an open declaration that the sacrifice has been made, the blood has been shed and He is now the mediator between God and man
  • Because God in His love has provided a way for the renewal of communion with Himself
    • Propitiation enables God to deal mercifully with all who exercise faith in Jesus Christ
    • Propitiation is all about God being satisfied and He meets with us on this ground
  • Because God invites us to come into His presence in full assurance that we are accepted
    • The handwriting of ordinances that was against us has been blotted out
  • Because God has laid at Calvary the basis for the eternal triumph of God over Satan
    • Col 2:15Andhaving spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it
    • Rev 5:12 – Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.


How Does it Apply to Me?

  • Salvation
    • First and foremost, it applies to you in the invitation of the gospel
    • God is reaching out to you
    • Has provided a way where you the hostile and guilty sinner can be accepted
    • Provision has been made – requires the individual to exercise faith to obtain
    • Jesus Christ paid the price, because we couldn’t and so we don’t have to face judgement
  • Standing
    • Sin is remembered no more – completely blotted out – God is totally satisfied
    • Believing soul enters into Eternal rest based on finished work of Calvary
    • Clothed in all the spotless beauty of the Son, changed by divine grace, indwelt by the Holy Spirit and given a place of total acceptance
  • State
    • God is finished with “the old man” and “sin nature” but am I?
    • Do you like to sin?
    • Does your sin grieve your heart?
    • Mike Knox spoke at conference about “pet sins” that we like and think we can control
    • Keeping the death of Christ before us, and having a right appreciation for it, will remind us of exactly what God thinks about our sin – cost Jesus His life
    • We grieve the Holy Spirit and limit His effectiveness in our lives by exposing ourselves to and/or choosing to sin
    • The more influence He has, the more like Christ we will become and the closer our “state” will be to our “standing”
  • Service
    • Christ died to set us free from bonds of sin to serve the living God
    • We are not our own, we have been bought with a price
    • Worship – constituted a priest and have received a fitness and title to come into the presence of God as a worshiper
      • Reverence – deep respect
      • Adoration – strong admiration
      • Devotion – strong love or loyalty
    • Ministry – set at liberty from slavery to work for Christ in service to His people, and Christ equips us with the tools to do so
      • Spiritually – spiritual gifts need to be used to be developed/strengthened
      • Practically – resources have been given to us to use for him (time, money, talent)
    • Gospel – we have the treasure in our hearts though we be but jars of clay and have the responsibility of shining the light (2 Cor 4:7)
      • Living – a spiritual life gives credit to the power of the gospel to bring change
      • Sharing – one on one, literature, groups


Christ, The Perfect Servant

The Perfect Servant Character of the Lord Jesus Christ
The Practical Application for the Believer
Presented by Glenn Griffin
November 27, 2019


The Body of the Servant – A body in which to serve

  • “Wherefore when He cometh into the world, He saith, “Sacrifice and offering Thou wouldest not, but a body hast Thou prepared Me”… we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.” Hebrews 10:5, 10
  • “Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof. Neither yield ye your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God.” Romans 6:12-13


The Will of the Servant – A submissive will to govern the body

  • Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of Me) to do Thy will, O God.” Hebrews 10:5,7
  • I delight to do Thy will, O My God: yea, Thy law is within My heart.” Psalm 40:8
  • “Father if Thou be willing, remove this cup from Me: nevertheless not My will, but Thine, be done.” Luke 22:42
  • “…present your bodies a living sacrifice…but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect will of God.” Romans 12:1-2


The Humility of the Servant – A humble mind to serve in the body

  • “Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made Himself of no reputation, and took upon Him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, He humbled Himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.” Philippians 2:6-8
  • “And whosever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.” Matthew 23:12
  • “So likewise ye, when ye shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, “We are unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our duty to do.”” Luke 17:10


The Exaltation of the Servant – A glorified body to continue to serve

  • “Wherefore God also hath highly exalted Him, and given Him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” Philippians 2:9-11
  • Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you in due time.” 1 Peter 5:6


The Sphere of the Servant – A body to be sacrificed in service  

  • “But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever will be great among you, shall be your minister: And whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all. For even the Son of Man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give His life a ransom for many.” Mark 10:43-45
  • “For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another.”


The Words of the Servant – A body to speak profitable words

  • “And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind Me, Satan: for it is written, “Thou shalt worship the Lord Thy God, and Him only shalt Thou serve.”” Luke 4:8
  • “…the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, they are life.” John 6:63
  • “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:” 2 Timothy 3:16


The Master of the Servant – A body upheld by the master

  • “Behold My servant, whom I uphold; Mine elect, in whom My soul delighteth; I have put My Spirit upon Him” Isaiah 42:1
  • “…and a voice came from heaven, which said, “Thou art My beloved Son; in Thee I am well pleased.” Luke 3:22
  • “Who art thou that judgest another man’s servant? To his own master he standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be holden up: For God is able to make him stand.” Romans 14:4
  • “Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: then shall every man have praise of God.” 1 Corinthians 4:5


God’s Grace

God’s Grace
Presented by Doug McKillop
November 20, 2019


  • The favour and graciousness of God to guilty man
  • Titus 3:4-7 – Grace is poured out on us abundantly
    • It stands in contrast to the law which showed no mercy for sin. Under the law the offender died or a sacrifice gave its life.
  • Two words that often run parallel are MERCY and GRACE
    • Bible Dictionary puts it this way:
      • MERCY is great in the greatness of need
      • GRACE is great in the thought of the person exercising it.
      • He showed mercy in that He spared us. He showed grace just because he loved us.
    • Romans 8:32 – He who did not spare His own Son but delivered Him up for us all. How shall He not freely give us all things?
    • Romans 5:20 – But where sin abounded, GRACE did much more abound
      • GRACE is infinitely more powerful than sin.
      • With grace in us, we can combat/overcome sin.


  • 1 Peter 1:10 – Of this salvation the prophets have inquired and searched carefully, who prophesied that this GRACE would come to you.
    • So we understand it was part of the eternal plan known in eternity past.
    • Very closely linked with our previous top of Predestination and Election
  • 2 Timothy 1:9 – Who has saved us and called us with a Holy Calling. Not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was given to us in Christ Jesus before the world began.
  • Genesis 6:8 – Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord
    • This is the first mention of GRACE in the Bible
    • Why Noah? Because He was a just man and he walked with God.


  • John 1:14, 16, 17 – And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth. And of His fullness we have all received, and grace for grace.  For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.  No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him.
    • John is writing this after the fact, in retrospect
  • Luke 4:22 – So all bore witness to Him, and marveled at the gracious words which proceeded out of His mouth.
    • His early beginning marked Him as different in an “arresting” way
  • John 7:45-46 – Then the officers came to the chief priests and Pharisees, who said to them, “Why have you not brought Him?”  The officers answered, “No man ever spoke like this Man!”
    • The arresting soldiers returned empty handed after hearing him speak
  • Titus 2:11 For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men.
    • His voice in a life absent from sin made him totally unique, totally believable, totally with authority.


  • Freedom from sin. To give us power over sin.
    • Romans 6:14 – For sin shall not have dominion over you, for you are not under law but under grace.
      • We have the ability to overcome sin in our lives because of grace
    • Ephesians 1:7 – In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His grace.
      • His blood cleansed us and gave us access to grace.
    • To enable us to share and preach the gospel.
      • Acts 20:24 – But none of these things move me; nor do I count my life dear to myself, so that I may finish my race with joy, and the ministry which I received from the Lord Jesus, to testify to the gospel of the grace of God.
        • We can (and must) further the Gospel of Christ by showing His grace towards sinners and our testimony to the change it makes in a life…in our life.
      • To allow us to use our gifts.
        • Romans 12:5-6 – so we, beingmany, are one body in Christ, and individually members of one another. Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, let us use them.
          • We all have different gifts, but grace allows us to exercise that gift.
        • Romans 12:6 – in proportion to our faith
          • To allow us to build up the church
          • If we recognize a gift in others, we need to encourage it.
          • If we feel hesitant or inferior…that is where grace comes in.
          • Grace wants to help and assist us in stepping up.


  • Come BOLDLY
    • Hebrews 4:16 – Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need.
      • Here are the two words – mercy and grace – together.
      • Notice the order. Mercy first.  Cleaning the slate of sin (of things we should not have done) and then obtaining grace (the things we should do with His power).
      • Remember who the writer is speaking to. A people in the pas who had no access except through the High Priest.  This was a huge learning curve for them – Full access anytime, PERSONALLY.
      • We can do this with no fear but with CONFIDENCE (BOLDLY), when sin I confessed


  • By being a good steward
    • 1 Peter 4:8-10 – And above all things have fervent love for one another, for “love will cover a multitude of sins.” Be hospitable to one another without grumbling. As each one has received a gift, minister it to one another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God.
  • By our speech
    • Colossians 4:4-6 – Let your speech always be with grace, seasoned with salt, that you may know how you ought to answer each one.
      • When the Lord in His ministry spoke, it arrested people because in His person was no sin.
      • So with us – if there is sin or attitude, it shows. If we have not asked for mercy, it will show and make us ineffective
      • It also reflects on the local testimony. It can be felt.
      • You can tell someone who is living in the fulness of grace in a flash. You might no even talk to them, it just shows.
      • The same goes for the assembly – it is immediately evident.
    • In weakness and dependence
      • 2 Corinthians 12:9 – And He said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for My strength is made perfect in weakness.”
        • Paul prayed to have the thorn in His side removed three times, but the answers was NO.
        • Sometime, like Paul, we have to live out grace in adversity.
        • But in our weakness is often when we are most effective. (ie preaching the gospel)


  • It never ends, it just gets better
    • Ephesians 2:4-8 – But God, who is rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, 5 even when we were dead in trespasses, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), 6 and raised us up together, and made us sit together in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, 7 that in the ages to come He might show the exceeding riches of His grace in His kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God.
  • We have become heirs of God
    • Titus 3:4-7 – But when the kindness and the love of God our Savior toward man appeared, 5 not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit, 6 whom He poured out on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Savior, 7 that having been justified by His grace we should become heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
      • Grace NEVER ends!
      • To experience it fully and the amazement of it, we need a new body.
      • Our current body can’t handle it. We need a new body, free of sin.


Definition of The Church

Definition of the Church
Presented by Jeremy Griffin
November 13, 2019


What Does the Word “Church” Mean?

  • Definition of the word “church” (ekklesia): an out calling
    • ek: out of
    • klesis: a calling
  • The word “church” is used in both old and new testament to designate a gathering of people for a specific purpose
  • It has two specific applications for companies of Christians in the NT:
    • Church which is His Body
    • Local Church
  • Church which is His Body
    • Church that Christ promised to build, and which Paul calls the body of Christ
      • Matt 16:18 “Upon this rock I will build My church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it”
      • Eph 1:22,23 “And gave Him to be the Head over all things to the church, which is His body, the fullness of Him that filleth all in all”
    • Formed on the Day of Pentecost when the baptism of the Holy Spirit took place
    • Includes the whole company of the redeemed i.e. every believer in this day of grace spanning from the Day of Pentecost to the rapture
    • Christ is the “Head” and the church is His “Body” (complement)
  • Local Church
    • Company consisting of professed believers who meet regularly in a given locality
      • 1Cor1:2 “Unto the church of God which is at Corinth”
      • 1Tim 3:15 “But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou ought to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth”
    • Is only ever found in the singular number, speaking of “one church”
    • When referring to more than one it is the plural word “churches”
  • Does Not Mean
    • A building where Christians meet
    • A group of member congregations answerable to a governing body i.e. Catholic Church, Baptist Church, Lutheran Church, Anglican Church
    • The nation of Israel (although the word is appropriately used to describe them as a called-out company)
  • In Summary
    • The word church is used in reference to God’s “called out” people
    • As “Head” of the body, Christ gives life and provides leadership
    • The “Body” is inseparably linked to Christ
    • A person is added to the Church which is His Body when they are born again by the Spirit


Why Does this Topic Matter?

  • The Church in the eyes of Christ is uniquely precious, supremely valuable, intimately glorious
  • Jesus loves the Church – When we see what He sees we will love it to
  • What is important to your boss should be important to you, or soon you won’t be important to them
  • Possession of the truth leads to walking in the truth
  • Lack of appreciation for this subject has to do with lack of spiritual maturity


Interpretation of Matt 16:18

  • “Upon this rock”
    • The “rock” referred to is the confession made by Peter “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God” (Matt 16:16)
    • Jesus Christ is the foundation of the Church (1 Cor 3:11)
    • Any attempts to build elsewhere will result in a man-made structure that will ultimately crumble
  • “I will build my church”
    • Christ is the builder (not man or systems of man)
    • Of heavenly design and spiritual construction
    • Promise looks forward to the Day of Pentecost and the baptism of the Holy Spirit; when a person is born again, they come into the good of that baptism (1Cor 12:13)
    • Individuals who are born again are added as “living stones” to the spiritual house He is building (1Peter 2:5)
    • Building is based upon His death and resurrection
    • The world is under the condemnation of a holy God and He is presently engaged in taking out of the nations a people for His name (Acts 15:14)
  • “The gates of hell”
    • Place where authority/administration is exercised
    • Devil hates the Church and glory of Christ and has created clever counterfeits
    • Christ defeated all that hell stands for and rendered powerless “him who had the power of death” (Heb 2:14)
  • “Shall not prevail against it”
    • Upon Christ risen, victorious, life giving and immutable, the Church is established
    • It is unassailable – it is eternal
  • In the Past
    • The Church was rooted in the eternal counsels of God in Christ
    • In the “fullness of time” the Church was purchased with the blood of the Son (Acts 20:28)
    • He gave Himself for it (Eph 5:25) and as well for individual believers (Gal 2:20)
  • In the Present
    • The Church is for the pleasure of Christ its Living Head
    • It is the divine will that the mind / life of Christ should operate in and through His members
    • For you are bought with a price; therefore, glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God’s (1Cor 6:20)
  • In the Future
    • The Church is seen as the “Bride of Christ” (Rev 19:7-8) the closest and most intimate relationship God has created
    • The Bride is His complement throughout the eternal ages (Eph 1:22,23)


How Does it Apply to Me?

  • All truth related to the Body of Christ is positional i.e. it is true of every believer, whatever their spiritual condition might be or wherever they go on Sunday


Applications from Ephesians 4

  • Walk Worthy
    • As one who belongs to Christ, I should be behaving a certain way
    • Walking in a manner that is consistent with our “calling” i.e. called out of the world to belong to Christ
    • The world system rejects Christ and the ruler of this present evil age is the enemy of Christ
    • Unfaithfulness on our end of the relationship does not lead to divorce, it leads to an unsatisfied relationship for both parties
    • How is my walk going this year? Is there something convicting me I am yet to correct?
  • Keep the Unity
    • The Holy Spirit creates perfect unity in the Church which is His body
    • My responsibility is to strive to keep the unity among fellow believers
    • No room for pride – requires humility, gentleness, patience and acting in genuine love
    • Do I contribute to unity or conflict with my words and actions? Is there something that needs to be put right with a brother or sister? What is stopping me from doing it?
  • Grace for Service
    • Christ is the distributor of gifts required for “the perfecting of the saints” so that each member can be taught and instructed in preparation for service
    • “The work of the ministry”
      • General work that we are all involved in as we love and serve each other and Christ
    • “Building up the body of Christ”
      • Taking the gospel to the lost and so joining with Christ in His work of “building”
    • Am I adopting a student attitude i.e. willing and interested to learn and be taught? Do I have a servant heart that is willing to sacrifice time, energy and resources for the good of fellow believers and lost souls? What change can I make tomorrow that would make a tangible difference in my service?
  • Conformity to His Character
    • Has the idea of the manifestation of Christ Himself in His saints
    • Only can happen as the result of an increasing knowledge of the Son of God
    • Necessary so that we are grounded and not tossed about or swept away
    • A lack of growth in Christian life puts us at risk of the ingenious and subtle wiles of the devil
    • Giving way to error is to come under a power that prevents spiritual growth
    • Love that is pursued at the expense of truth is mere sentiment
    • Truth that is maintained at the expense of love is frigid theory living in the element of legalism
    • Am I maturing as a believer? What level of effort am I investing to more fully understand the person of Christ and the purposes of God? Am I being conformed to Christ or to the world? Is there a change necessary in my life to further move along conformity to Him?

Election & Predestination

Presented by Marvin Griffin
October 30, 2019

“Even before I was born God chose me and called me by his marvelous grace” Gal. 1:15  (NLT)


Opening remarks:

FOREKNOWLEDGE: “ A knowledge of persons and events before they exist. It is one of the divine attributes of God, by which persons were foreknown and events determined. It is a capacity altogether beyond the mind of man to grasp.” (Concise Bible Dictionary)

Acts 2:22-24 “Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a man attested by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs which God did through Him in your midst….Him, being delivered by the determined purpose and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by lawless hands, have crucified, and put to death; whom God raised up”

Romans 8:28-30.  God foreknew us, predestined us, called us, justified us, and glorified us.  Five is the number of man’s weakness and God worked in marvelous grace through these five steps to bless us anyways! We also see that the Foreknowledge of God is a necessary link in the chain of blessing.

FOREORDAINED: ( same root word in the Greek as foreknowledge) 1 Peter 1:20  “HE (CHRIST) was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times FOR YOU”!

ELECTION: (choice)  is spoken of:

  • The Lord Jesus in Isaiah 42:1. “Behold my servant, my elect one, in whom my soul delights”
  • Israel in Isaiah 45:4. “Israel My elect, I have even called you by your name”
  • A remnant of Israel in Matthew 24:22,24,31. Jesus spoke of them being returned to blessing at the end of the tribulation period.
  • Elect angels in 1 Timothy 5:21. Timothy was charged by Paul before God and the Lord Jesus Christ and the elect angels not to be prejudiced and partial in discipline. Elect angels are those who have not been involved in sin or rebellion, but have kept their first estate. (observers…)
  • Election of persons to eternal life.  Colossians 3:12 “Therefore, as the elect of God ,holy and beloved”.
  • Thessalonians 1:4 “knowing, beloved brethren, your election by God”.
  • 2 Timothy 2:10. Read together. Discussion re:motivation.
  • 1 Peter 1:2 “elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father”.
  • 2 Peter 1:10 “make your calling and election sure”. This word ‘sure’ has the idea of feet planted  ( the Greek word is ‘basis’). The idea I suggest is to stay on the path for which one is chosen by God.

There are at least two difficulties in the minds of many concerning the doctrine of election to eternal life. I will quote from the New  And Concise Bible Dictionary printed by Bible Truth Publishers to help us overcome these difficulties. “It is because they do not see the extent of the fall of man, and his utterly lost condition.  Were it not for election and the prevailing grace that follows it, not one would be saved.  Christ died for all and the gospel is proclaimed to all, Romans 3:22; Hebrews 2:9 but alas, except for the election and grace of God none would respond.  Luke 14:18.  God must have all the glory.

Another error that has caused a difficulty as to ‘election’ is the idea which some maintain that as some are ordained to eternal life, others likewise are fore-ordained by God to perdition, called ‘reprobation’. But this is not taught in scripture.  God desires that ALL men should be saved, 1Timothy 2:4 and His election to life ensures that SOME will be.  It was not before Esau was born nor until long after he was dead that it was said that he was hated of God. Malachi 1:3.  Some even judge that it refers not to Esau  personally but to his descendants after their deeds had been fully manifested.  Obadiah 10;  Ezekiel 35”

John 6:37,40,44

PREDESTINATION – to mark out beforehand –to predetermine

The Bible Dictionary states: “ In Romans 8:29-30 it forms a link in the chain that connects the foreknowledge of God in the past with the glory in the future.  Election is God’s choice of individuals;

Predestination is a blessing, as in Ephesians 1:5

Ephesians 1:4-5 reads “just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world” (election)   “that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love, having predestined us to adoption of sons by Jesus Christ to Himself according to the good pleasure of His will” (predestination).

So we see that believers have been predestined to:

  • holiness and blamelessness V4
  • enjoy His love in His presence V4
  • adoption as sons of the Father V5
  • an inheritance in Him (Christ) V11
  • be conformed to the image of His Son (Romans 8:29) Although there will be millions of us, we will all have that family resemblance. We will be very near Christ, the Firstborn, and we will all be like Him!

The Pre-Existence of Christ

SESSION 1  – The Pre-Existence and Diety of Christ
Lucas Griffin  –  Westbank –  Oct. 23, 2019



  • Before the foundation of the world
    • John 17:24 – “Father, I desire that they also whom You gave Me may be with Me where I am, that they may behold My glory which You have given Me; for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.”
    • Ephesians 1:4 – “just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love.”
    • 1 Peter 1:20 – “He indeed was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you.”
    • Revelation 13:8 – “All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.”


  • The Lord Jesus Christ was there at Creation, and He was the power behind Creation
    • Genesis 1:26 “Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness.”
    • John 1:1-3 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.”
    • Colossian 1:15-17 – “He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation.  For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him.  And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist.”


  • Christophanies (Pre-incarnate appearances of the Lord Jesus Christ on Earth)
    • Genesis 18:1-33– One day, Abraham had some visitors: two angels and God Himself. He invited them to come to his home, and he and Sarah entertained them. A careful reading of this passage proves this is a pre-incarnate appearance of Christ.
    • Genesis 32:22–32Jacob gets in an all-night wrestling match with somebody who was a man (the fight was evenly matched) and yet who was God (the Person was able to cripple Jacob with the touch of a finger).
    • Daniel 3:25 – Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego are thrown into the furnace. Suddenly a fourth man appears.  “Look!” he answered, “I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire; and they are not hurt, and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God.”
    • Joshua 5:13-15 – Outside the city of Jericho, Joshua sees a man standing in front of him with a sword in his hand. Joshua asks “Are you friend or foe?  The man replies “I am the commander of the LORD’s army”.  Joshua fell on his face in reverence. “What do you want me to do?”  The commander responded “Take off your sandals, for the place where you are standing is holy.”
    • Judges 6:12,14, 16, 22 – The Angel of the Lord (Christophany) appeared to Gideon when he was threshing wheat. Gideon doesn’t realize who it is at first, but after the meeting is over, he realized that he had seen a member of the Godhead and was afraid that he would die!



Clear Statements of Scripture Declare that Jesus IS God!

  • Matthew 1:23 – “Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,” which is translated, “God with us.”
  • John 1:1-3 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God.
  • John 8:58 – “Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM.”
  • John 10:30 – “I and My Father are one.”
  • Romans 9:5 – “Christ came, who is over all, the eternally blessed God. Amen.”
  • Philippians 2:5-6 – “Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus,who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God,”
  • Colossians 1:19-20 – “For it pleased the Father that in Him all the fullness should dwell, and by Him to reconcile all things to Himself, by Him, whether things on earth or things in heaven, having made peace through the blood of His cross.”
  • 1 Timothy 3:16 – “And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness, God was manifest in the flesh.”
  • Titus 2:13 – “looking for the blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ.”
  • Hebrews 1:3 – “Who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high”
  • Hebrews 1:8 – “But to the Son He says: “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom.”
  • Hebrew 13:8 – “Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever.”
  • 1 John 5:20 – “And we know that the Son of God has come and has given us an understanding, that we may know Him who is true; and we are in Him who is true, in His Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God and eternal life.
  • In Isaiah 44:6 God says, “…I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God.” In Revelation 1:17 Jesus Christ says, “…Fear not; I am the first and the last.”
  • Many other references could be listed!


Jesus Proved That He is God

We often think of God as one who is omniscient (all-knowing), omnipotent (all-powerful), and omnipresent (everywhere). Jesus proved Himself to be God in every aspect.


Omniscience of Christ

  • Jesus proved many times that He knew all things:
    • As a 12 year old, the priests and scribes marveled at His questions and answers!
    • In Mark 1, as a man, the people marveled at his teaching – he taught with authority!
    • In Mark 2, Jesus READ THEIR MINDS and responded, “That ye may know…”
    • In Mark 9, His disciples argued who would be the greatest, but wouldn’t tell Jesus
  • Jesus disciples came to the conclusion that Jesus knew all things
    • John 16:30 – “Now we know that You know all things…You came from God…”
    • John 21:17 – “Simon, do you love me? Lord, you know all things, you know that I love you.”
  • Jesus knew what He would suffer for your sins, and yet because He loved you, He left Heaven, He stayed the course, He completed the work that God had given Him.
    • Mark 10:33-34 – “Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be delivered unto the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles: And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him: and the third day he shall rise again.”
    • John 18:4 Jesus therefore, knowingall things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye?
  • Jesus knew all things about His work on the cross
    • John 19:28 – After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.
    • Isaiah 53:11He shall see the labor of His soul, and be satisfied. By His knowledge My righteous Servant shall justify many, for He shall bear their iniquities.


Omnipotence of Christ

  • Jesus proved His power through Creation
    • John 1:3 All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being.
    • Colossians 1:16 For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities–all things have been created through Him and for Him.
    • Hebrews 1:3 He upholds all things by the word of His power
  • Jesus showed His power by controlling the elements and Nature itself
    • Matthew 8:27 – The men were amazed, and said, “What kind of a man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey Him?”
    • Matthew 14:25 – And in the fourth watch of the night Jesus went unto them, walking on the sea. And when the disciples saw Him, they were troubled…”
    • John 2:1-11 – Jesus turned water into wine at the Wedding In Cana
  • Jesus displayed His power through His teaching
    • Matthew 7:28-29 When Jesus had finished these words, the crowds were amazed at His teaching; for He was teaching them as one having authority, not as their scribes.
    • Luke 4:32 They were amazed at His teaching, for His message was with authority.
    • John 3:2 “Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher come from God; for no man can do these miracles that Thou doest, except God be with him.”
  • Jesus made His power evident through Miracles
    • There are 37 of Jesus’ miracles recorded in the gospels.
    • Matthew 9:6 “But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”–then He said to the paralytic, “Get up, pick up your bed & go home.”
      • This also proves to us that Jesus has the power to banish sin
    • Luke 5:17 One day He was teaching; and there were some Pharisees and teachers of the law sitting there, who had come from every village of Galilee and Judea and from Jerusalem; and the power of the Lord was present for Him to perform healing.
    • John 6:13 “So they picked up the pieces and filled twelve baskets with scraps left by the people who had eaten from the five barley loaves (and 2 fishes).
  • Jesus displays His Power by bringing people back to life and His own Resurrection
    • John 5:21 “For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son also gives life to whom He wishes.
    • John 11:25 – “I am the resurrection and the life.” He raised the widow’s son, Jairus’ daughter, Lazarus who was dead 4 days
    • John 10:18 – “No one has taken it away from Me, but I lay it down on My own initiative I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again This commandment I received from My Father.”
    • Matthew 28:6 “He is not here: for He is risen, as He said. Come, see the place where He lay.”


Omnipresence of Christ

  • Things He said proved that Jesus was in multiple places at one time:
    • John 1:48 – Nathanael said to Him, “How do You know me?” Jesus answered and said to him, “Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you.”
  • Things Jesus did to show he could easily move from place to place:
    • Luke 4:28-30 “So all those in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath,  and rose up and thrust Him out of the city; and they led Him to the brow of the hill on which their city was built, that they might throw Him down over the cliff. Then passing through the midst of them, He went His way.
    • John 6:21 – Then they willingly received Him into the boat, and immediately the boat was at the land where they were going.
    • John 20:19 – “Then, the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst, and said to them, “Peace be with you.”
    • Luke 24:31 – “Then their eyes were opened and they knew Him; and He vanished from their sight.”
  • He left us with the promise that he would be everywhere with us:
    • Matthew 18:20 “For where two or three have gathered together in My name, I am there in their midst.”
    • Matthew 28:19-20 – “Go, therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.”


What Does this Mean?

  • JESUS IS GOD. Jesus existed before time began – as far back as our minds can go.
  • The facts are definitive. People can argue and deny, but the evidence is insurmountable.


Why Does This Matter? 

  • God reached out to you and I personally and directly through Jesus, God manifest in Flesh.
  • Jesus had to be God in order to fully pay for sin. Only God could be our Perfect Substitute.


How Does This Apply to Me Today?

  • Despite His status, Jesus reached out in love to those around him. He served, helped, and gave sacrificially. In turn, I should love and help those around me – even the lowliest.
  • Jesus and God know the beginning from the end. They have a plan for the ages and everything is happening according to that plan.  I can entrust my life to their greatness.




The Bible directly states that Jesus is God in a number of passages.1 Taken by themselves, these verses provide enough evidence for the church to believe in and teach the deity of Jesus Christ. But the indirect evidence of Scripture is equally compelling.

The names of God are often applied to Jesus. He is called “the Mighty God, the Everlasting Father” and “Immanuel” (meaning “God with us”).2 Elsewhere Jesus is called “The Lord (Jehovah) our Righteousness,” “God” and “Son of God.”3

The Bible ascribes the characteristics of deity to Jesus Christ. He is described as eternal, omnipresent, omniscient, omnipotent and immutable.4

Jesus Christ is equal with God the Father. He is worshiped as God.5 His name is assigned equal standing with God the Father in the church’s baptismal formula and in the apostolic benediction.6

Christ performed works which only God can do. He is creator.7 He is the upholder of all things.He forgives sin.9 He will raise the dead and execute judgment.10

Jesus Christ Himself claimed deity. He taught His disciples to pray in His name.11 He claimed that He and the Father were one and that He was the Son of God.12 He claimed that to know Him was to know God, to see Him was to see God, to receive Him was to receive God, to believe Him was to believe in God and to honor Him was to honor God, while to hate Him was to hate God.13

1 John 1:1, 20:28; Romans 9:5; Phil. 2:6; Titus 2:13, Hebrews 1:8; 1 John 5:20. Other passages include John 13:3, 17:5, Colossians 1:15–19, 1 Timothy 3:16, and Hebrews 1:3

2 Isaiah 9:6; Isaiah 7:14 and Matthew 1:22–23

3 Jeremiah 23:6; Isaiah 40:3; Hebrews 1:8; 1 Timothy 3:16; John 10:36

4 Eternal (Isaiah 9:6; Micah 5:2; John 1:1–2; 8:58; 17:5; 24; Colossians 1:15, 17; 1 John 1:1; Revelation 1:8); omnipresent (Matthew 18:20; 28:20; John 3:13); omniscient (John 2:24, 25; 16:30; 21:17; Revelation 2:23); omnipotent (Isaiah 9:6; Philippians 3:21; Revelation 1:8; cf. John 5:17; Hebrews 1:3; Matthew 28:18) and immutable (Hebrews 1:10–12; 13:8)

5 John 20:28; Acts 7:59; Hebrews 1:6; cf. Exodus 34:14 and Matthew 4:10

6 Matthew 28:19; cf. Acts 2:38; 2 Corinthians 13:14; cf. 1 Corinthians 1:3, Ephesians 1:2

7 John 1:3, 10; Colossians 1:16; Hebrews 1:2,10

8 Colossians 1:17; Hebrews 1:3; cf. Luke 10:22; John 3:35; 17:2; Ephesians 1:22

9 Matthew 9:2–7; cf. Mark 2:7; Luke 7:47, 48; Colossians 3:13

10 John 11:25; cf. John 5:25, 28–29; 6:39, 40, 54; John 5:22

11 John 16:23, 24

12 John 10:30, 36; 14:9; 17:11

13 John 8:18; 14:7; John 12:45; 14:9; Mark 9:37; John 12:44; 14:1; John 5:23; John 15:23